Microsoft Excel is a powerful tool that is widely used in various industries for data analysis, reporting, and financial modeling. While basic Excel formulas like SUM and AVERAGE are commonly known, there are several advanced formulas that can greatly enhance your productivity and efficiency. In this article, we will explore 9 advanced Excel formulas that every professional should know.

## VLOOKUP:

The VLOOKUP formula is a valuable tool for searching and retrieving specific information from a large dataset. It allows you to search for a value in the leftmost column of a table and return a corresponding value from a specified column. The syntax for the VLOOKUP formula is:

VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, column_index_num, [range_lookup])

- lookup_value is the value you are searching for.
- table_array is the range of cells that contains the data you are searching.
- column_index_num is the column number of the value you want to return.
- range_lookup is a Boolean value that specifies whether you want to find an exact match or an approximate match.

For example, if you have a table of employee data with the employee name in the first column, the employee ID in the second column, and the employee salary in the third column, you could use the VLOOKUP formula to find the employee ID for a specific employee name. The formula would look like this:

=VLOOKUP(“John Smith”, “Employee Data”, 2, FALSE)

This formula would return the value in cell B2 of the “Employee Data” range, which is the employee ID for John Smith.

## INDEX-MATCH:

The INDEX-MATCH combination is a powerful alternative to VLOOKUP. It enables you to search for a value in a table and return a corresponding value from any column, not just the leftmost column. The syntax for the INDEX-MATCH formula is:

INDEX(table_array, row_index_num, column_index_num)

- table_array is the range of cells that contains the data you are searching.
- row_index_num is the row number of the value you want to return.
- column_index_num is the column number of the value you want to return.

For example, if you have a table of employee data with the employee name in the first column, the employee ID in the second column, and the employee salary in the third column, you could use the INDEX-MATCH formula to find the employee salary for a specific employee name. The formula would look like this:

=INDEX(“Employee Data”, MATCH(“John Smith”, “Employee Data”, 1), 3)

This formula would first use the MATCH function to find the row number of John Smith in the “Employee Data” range. It would then use the INDEX function to return the value in the third column of the row that MATCH found.

## IFERROR:

The IFERROR formula helps you handle error messages effectively. It allows you to specify a value or action to take when a formula results in an error. The syntax for the IFERROR formula is:

IFERROR(formula, value_if_error)

the formula is the formula that you want to check for errors.

- value_if_error is the value or action you want to take if the formula results in an error.

For example, you could use the IFERROR formula to display a message if a formula results in an error. The formula would look like this:

=IFERROR(SUM(A1:A10), “Error”)

If the SUM function results in an error, the formula would display the message “Error”.

## SUMIFS:

While the SUM formula calculates the sum of a range of cells, the SUMIFS formula takes it a step further by allowing you to specify multiple criteria. This means you can sum values based on one or more conditions. For example, you can use SUMIFS to calculate the total sales for a specific product within a particular time frame. The syntax for the SUMIFS formula is:

SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

- sum_range is the range of cells that you want to sum.
- criteria_range1 is the range of cells that contains the criteria for the first condition.
- criteria1 is the value you want to compare the criteria in criteria_range1 to.

## COUNTIFS:

Similar to SUMIFS, the COUNTIFS formula counts the number of cells that meet specified criteria. It is useful for generating reports and analyzing data based on multiple conditions. For instance, you can count the number of customers who have purchased a certain product within a specific region. The syntax for the COUNTIFS formula is:

COUNTIFS(criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], …)

- criteria_range1 is the range of cells that contains the criteria for the first condition.
- criteria1 is the value you want to compare the criteria in criteria_range1 to.
- [criteria_range2, criteria2] is an optional argument that allows you to specify additional criteria.

## CONCATENATE:

The CONCATENATE formula allows you to combine text from different cells into a single cell. It is particularly useful when dealing with large datasets or when you need to create custom labels or reports. By using CONCATENATE, you can save time and ensure consistency in your data presentation. The syntax for the CONCATENATE formula is:

CONCATENATE(text1, text2, …)

- text1 is the first text string you want to combine.
- text2 is the second text string you want to combine.

## TEXT:

The TEXT formula helps you format dates, numbers, and text in a specific way. It enables you to display data in various formats, such as currency, percentage, or custom date formats. The TEXT formula is essential for creating professional-looking reports and presenting data in a meaningful manner. The syntax for the TEXT formula is:

TEXT(value, format_code)

- value is the value you want to format.
- format_code is the code that specifies the format you want to use.

## NETWORKDAYS:

The NETWORKDAYS formula calculates the number of working days between two dates, excluding weekends and specified holidays. It is invaluable for project management, scheduling, and tracking deadlines. By using NETWORKDAYS, you can accurately determine the duration of a task or project, taking into account non-working days. The syntax for the NETWORKDAYS formula is:

NETWORKDAYS(start_date, end_date, [holidays])

- start_date is the start date of the period you want to calculate the number of working days for.
- end_date is the end date of the period you want to calculate the number of working days for.
- [holidays] is an optional argument that allows you to specify a list of holidays to exclude from the calculation.

## PMT:

The PMT formula is ideal for financial professionals and those involved in loan or mortgage calculations. It helps you calculate the periodic payment required to repay a loan or mortgage, taking into account the interest rate, number of periods, and principal amount. The PMT formula enables you to make informed financial decisions and analyze repayment options. The syntax for the PMT formula is:

PMT(interest_rate, number_of_periods, principal_amount)

- interest_rate is the annual interest rate of the loan or mortgage.
- number_of_periods is the total number of payments required to repay the loan or mortgage.
- principal_amount is the amount of money you borrowed.

In conclusion, the 9 advanced Excel formulas discussed in this article can be used to perform a variety of tasks, from data analysis to financial modeling. By learning these formulas, you can improve your productivity and efficiency in the workplace.